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Tim was born in 1937 at Champion Reef, Kolar Goldfields, in India, where his father Ron was a mining engineer. His father (1905-1991) came from Wedmore, Somerset, England, and his mother Sarah (1904-1990) was born in London to parents who both hailed from Meare, also in Somerset. Ron worked on the goldfields in Wau, New Guinea (1928-33), Ghana, India, and from 1938 to 1955 in South Africa. He also worked on copper and other exploration sites in Zimbabwe and Mozambique from 1955 to 1968.

Tim's earliest memories are of South Africa, where he went to school at Pridwin in Johannesburg (1946-50), and Michaelhouse in Natal (1951-55). He moved north to what is now Zimbabwe in 1956, teaching for a year at Peterhouse School, and in 1957 was one of the first undergraduates at what was then the University College of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, which was at the time an external college of the University of London. He graduated with a BA in 1959, and spent 1960 teaching in Umtali, working as a financial journalist in Salisbury, and doing military training near Bulawayo. He spent the first part of 1961 as a teaching assistant in the economics department of the University College in Salisbury  (now Harare) before taking up a Commonwealth Scholarship at the London School of Economics to do an M.Sc. (Econ.) in public finance. His thesis subject was Federal Finance in Central Africa.

He returned to the University College in Salisbury/Harare in January 1964 to take up a lectureship in economics. He married Ann Mervis in July 1964, by whom he has a son and a daughter.

Tim resigned after Smith's UDI in November 1965 and was briefly imprisoned, along with 8 other lecturers, in July 1966 (allegedly for provoking anti-UDI demonstrations by many of the student body both black and white). He went on to lecture in economics at the University of York in England from September 1966 to March 1970.

Tim began his career as an economic adviser and consultant in Arusha, Tanzania, in the Common Market Secretariat of the East African Community, in March 1970 (funded by the Ford Foundation). He joined Maxwell Stamp (Africa) as a consultant based first in Lusaka, Zambia, and then in Nairobi, Kenya, in December 1971. In November 1973 he joined Lonrho Ltd as a senior executive in its London head office, and worked mostly on the financing of the Kenana Sugar project in Sudan. In September 1976 he joined the European Union's overseas aid programme under the Lome Convention, and worked as the Economic Adviser in the Union's Delegations in Nairobi, Cairo, and Lagos.

In March 1988 Tim left the EU Delegation in Lagos and joined a team of three advisers provided by Crown Agents to the Government of Papua by New Guinea under a UNDP programme executed by the World Bank. In 1990 Tim and Ann divorced and he married Pamela Swadling. In 1992 Tim became Privatization Adviser to PNG’s Department of Finance and Planning, funded by Japan's OECF but still under World Bank auspices. From August 1996 until his retirement in February 1999 Tim's contract was funded by the PNG Government itself.

Since 1999 Tim has lived with Pam in Canberra, where he is an unpaid associate on Asia-Pacific programmes of the Australian National University. He has done various short term consultancies, including six months with Crown Agents in London in 1999, and for the PNG Government's Office of Bougainville Affairs in Port Moresby in 2000-2002, advising on the fiscal arrangements that led to the Bougainville Agreement of 2002 setting up the autonomous government of Bougainville.

Tim has published widely in various journals and other media. For a full listing click here.

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